A woman can become a mother even after losing her egg production capability.
Egg donor assisted IVF is the most recommended treatment option for such cases.
Nowadays, an additional lab test can confirm the high-quality embryo selection process before transfer to the embryo.
This type of advanced technology increases the treatment success rate.
Surrogacy and adoption are other alternative options for a woman to become a mother after losing egg production capabilities.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In-vitro-fertilization or IVF is a common type of ART.
IVF makes it easy to fertilize the collected sperm and eggs in the laboratory to create the embryo.
The healthy embryo/s is selected from successfully fertilized eggs to the implant to the women’s uterus for further development.
Egg donation is the process in which fertile women at their reproductive age donate their viable egg to another woman who has infertility issues due to egg crisis (the female gamete) necessary for creating an embryo through fertilization with sperm.
During egg donation, the egg donor receives some medication to stimulate egg production.
Receiving the stimulation medication, the egg donor produces more viable eggs in a single cycle to facilitate an efficient egg donation process.
Then the eggs are collected from the donor's womb by inserting a needle attached with an ultrasound probe through the vaginal wall.
The whole egg donation process is conducted under medical supervision.
Delicately collected eggs have been sent to the embryology department.
An embryologist can evaluate the quality of each of the collected eggs.
Every viable egg is then fertilized by introducing the male partner's sperm, or sperm donor to create embryos.
This whole process is known as in vitro fertilization (IVF).
During this process, the recipient also needs to prepare for receiving an embryo.
The synchronisation of the recipient's uterus is very important for preparing the uterine environment to support embryo implantation.
The recipient requires to take medications for synchronisation of the menstrual cycle.
Therefore, the recipient also needs to take a regular clinical consultation.
Although surrogacy is two types traditional and gestational, prospective parents usually prefer gestational surrogacy.
Many countries have already banned traditional surrogacy.
Moreover, the born child has a biological relationship with a surrogate in traditional surrogacy.
In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate carries the offspring during the gestational period and after delivery relinquishes the baby to the intended parents.
No biological relationship is present between a gestational surrogate and a born child.
Surrogacy is a successful assisted reproductive technology, but in some cases, it fails.
In case, after the first attempt of gestational surrogacy, a pregnancy test report may give a negative result.
In such cases, intended parents need to be patient and wait for another embryo transfer.
Usually, surrogacy contracts commonly provide three embryo transfer attempts before calling it for quit.
For instance, the more frozen embryo is ready for transfer, then the intended parent needs to wait till the surrogate’s body is ready for the next transfer.
The doctor usually advises intended parents when will be possible for the next embryo transfer depending upon the medical test report of the surrogate.
However, usually within a couple of months surrogate’s body is ready to take another embryo transfer.
Usually, repetition of embryo transfer offers a better result.
In case no frozen embryo is stored for future use then the intended parents need to wait for more time and the treatment expenses also get increased.
It is often found that two to three embryo transfers require getting a viable pregnancy.
Therefore, failure of the first attempt never says it will not work in subsequent transfer.
However, the failure of IVF and surrogacy even after repetition opens the door for adoption.
Many individuals adopt a child but it is not a medical solution to infertility.
Adoption also has country specific ific rules and regulations.
But no matter where prospective parents live, they have to complete a home survey done by a social worker.
The adoption process can range from nine months to nine years depending on the type of adoption intended and the province they live.