Religious moral is one of the integrated part in Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART). It has found that the racial factor provides a critical impact in the egg donation services.
A survey based research findings showed that among 95 egg donor profiles only 11 colored women were included in an egg donation service center. This study report also indicated that the majority of the egg donors were of Caucasian, European women, whereas Asian-American, African American, and Hispanic-American were considered as minority egg donors.
Major egg donors including white-skinned women belong to USA, UK, Canada or European countries have practical mindset up about their egg donation. They do not possess any emotional attachments with their eggs and they consider their oocytes as "just an egg".
Therefore, recipients do not face any problem to have a donor's offspring. However, some egg donors can show their interest in the outcome of the egg donation, which means whether their donated egg has to lead to giving a successful childbirth or not.
But most of the egg donation services do not provide such information to the donors. In general, it has been found Asian women are least interested to donate their eggs in comparison with Caucasian women. Moreover, ethnic minority groups live in the UK or other countries are less willing to donate their eggs.
It is required to mention that generally gamete donation and acceptance are remaining as a secrete reproductive action in India along with other Asian countries.
Indians often try to hide their infertility and want a safeguard from the negative social humiliation associated with sterility. But another reason to conceal the fact of opting egg donation service is to give a protection against apparent biological connection present between the parents and their offspring.
This practice is not only applicable in Asian countries, including India, but ethnic minority community live in abroad has similar mental set-up. They try to hide their decision on gamete donation. Usually, ethnic minority groups expect that the offspring produce through most identical donor's egg can reduce the scope of mismatching between the born child and his/her official parents.
In addition, in terms of physical characteristics such type of couples usually tries to find out more identical donors with them to avoid the depressive repercussions obtain from familial or social sources.
Different journal publications reported that till now socially prospective families who have the least botheration about typical general traits are mostly accepted the egg donation service. They prefer a "perfect gene pool" to continue the grace of their family trend.
Therefore, they often utilize the egg donation service centers to obtain a perfect egg donor who has blonde hair, blue eyes, with a perfect educational background along with excellent co-curricular talents, like sports, music or theater.
Therefore, Caucasian women usually a perfect match to donate their eggs for such families. The demand for white donors increasing in the society, which gives a thrust to Caucasian women to donate their eggs and make it a profitable practice.
Gradually Caucasian women have been dominating the access of egg donation. This can be a reason that ethnic minority community has limited access to the assistive reproductive services. However, nowadays the general population also has a mental set up that a "white child" holds inherent privilege, which also reduces the acceptance of non-white women's egg.
If we consider the different perspective of egg donation, then it is clear that egg donation is an unequal and morally questionable practice.
Therefore, the monopoly of Caucasian women in egg donation is significantly remarkable in the present scenario, which also increases the risk of exploiting Caucasian young women.
It is highly recommended that healthcare sectors should tightly regulate and control the egg donation service procedure to manage these social, familial or other related issues, which obstruct ART services for every individual couple who truly require this service to overcome infertility.